Enter the maze

Singing bird

by Jane Waite, Queen Mary University of London

A cloudy sunrise : copyright www.istockphoto.com 61996558

"I'm in a choir". "Really, what do you sing?" "I did a blackbird last week, but I think I'm going to be woodpecker today, I do like a robin though!"

This is no joke! Marcus Coates a British artist, got up very early, and working with a wildlife sound recordist, Geoff Sample, he used 14 microphones to record the dawn chorus over lots of chilly mornings. They slowed the sounds down and matched up each species of bird with different types of human voices. Next they created a film of 19 people making bird song, each person sang a different bird, in their own habitats, a car, a shed even a lady in the bath! The 19 tracks are played together to make the dawn chorus. See it on YouTube (just search for "Marcus Coates Dawn Chorus".)

Marcus didn't stop there, he wrote a new bird song score. Yes, for people to sing a new top ten bird hit, but they have to do it very slowly. People sing 'bird' about 20 times slower than birds sing 'bird' 'whooooooop', 'whooooooop', 'tweeeeet'. For a special performance, a choir learned the new song, a new dawn chorus, they sang the slowed down version live, which was recorded, speeded back up and played to the audience, I was there! It was amazing! A human performance, became a minute of tweeting joy. Close your eyes and 'whoop' you were in the woods, at the crack of dawn!

Computationally thinking a performance

A blue brain in a person's head  : copyright www.istockphoto.com 67990773

Computational thinking is at the heart of the way computer scientists solve problems. Marcus Coates, doesn't claim to be a computer scientist, he is an artist who looks for ways to see how people are like other animals. But we can get an idea of what computational thinking is all about by looking at how he created his sounds. Firstly, he and wildlife sound recordist, Geoff Sample, had to focus on the individual bird sounds in the original recordings, ignore detail they didn't need, doing abstraction, listening for each bird, working out what aspects of bird sound was important. They looked for patterns isolating each voice, sometimes the bird's performance was messy and they could not hear particular species clearly, so they were constantly checking for quality. For each bird, they listened and listened until they found just the right 'slow it down' speed. Different birds needed different speeds for people to be able to mimic and different kinds of human voices suited each bird type: attention to detail mattered enormously. They had to check the results carefully, evaluating, making sure each really did sound like the appropriate bird and all fitted together into the Dawn Chorus soundscape. They also had to create a bird language, another abstraction, a score as track notes, and that is just an algorithm for making sounds!

Notations for Pet Talk

Use your computational thinking skills to create a notation for an animal's voice, a pet perhaps? A dog, hamster or cat language, what different sounds do they make, and how can you note them down. What might the algorithm for that early morning "I want my breakfast" look like? Can you make those sounds and communicate with your pet? Or maybe stick to tweeting?